No. 07-1432-cv.United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit.
November 10, 2008.
Appeal from a judgment of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (P. Kevin Castel, Judge).
UPON CONSIDERATION WHEREOF, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED,ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that the judgment of the District Court is hereby AFFIRMED.
Mitchell L. Perry, Bronx, NY, for Appellant.
Edward F.X. Hart (Michael A. Cardozo, Corporation Counsel, and Marta Ross on the brief), Corporation Counsel of the City of New York, New York, NY, for Appellee.
PRESENT: JOSÉ A. CABRANES, and PETER W. HALL, Circuit Judges, and JOHN GLEESON, District Judge.
Plaintiff Mary Yialouris Papasmiris appeals from an Order of the District Court, entered on September 9, 2006, 2006 WL 2583019, granting summary judgment for defendants and dismissing plaintiffs claims that defendants discriminated against her because of her age and retaliated against her in violation of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, 29 U.S.C. § 621 et seq. (“ADEA”). On appeal,
plaintiff argues that the District Court erred in not crediting her assertions that negative performance reviews (a) were a pretext for discrimination based on plaintiffs age, and (b) were issued in retaliation for filing an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) complaint. We assume the parties’ familiarity with the underlying facts and procedural history of the case.
“We review the District Court’s grant of summary judgmen de novo.” Jeffreys v. City of New York, 426 F.3d 549, 553 (2d Cir. 2005). Summary judgment is appropriate if the moving party demonstrates that “there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c).
Regarding plaintiffs age discrimination claim, defendants submitted evidence demonstrating legitimate, non-pre-textual reasons supporting plaintiffs termination. This evidence includes letters from parents complaining that plaintiff had behaved inappropriately on a school trip to Baltimore, and several evaluations by a school principal citing multiple instances of misconduct by plaintiff, e.g., raising her voice to a student, remaining in the school building with her class during a fire drill, writing letters to parents during class, not providing adequate classroom instruction, and filling out report cards during class. The school principal twice evaluated plaintiffs job performance as “unsatisfactory,” once having changed a prior evaluation in light of an investigation of the field trip to Baltimore. After plaintiff transferred to another school, she continued to receive multiple “unsatisfactory” evaluations based on classroom observations. Confronted with this evidence, plaintiff insists that the true reason for her negative performance reviews was age discrimination. Under these circumstances, the District Court properly concluded that plaintiffs inability “to come forward with any evidence” suggesting that age was a factor in her poor performance evaluations is adequate grounds for summary judgment in favor of defendants. See McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green, 411 U.S. 792, 802-03, 93 S.Ct. 1817, 36 L.Ed.2d 668
(1973) (outlining “burden shifting” in a workplace discrimination claim brought under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964).
Regarding plaintiffs claim of retaliation, the District Court found that plaintiff began receiving negative performance evaluations prior to filing an EEOC claim on September 26, 2002. We note that plaintiffs EEOC claim followed several newspaper articles reporting that other teachers, including co-plaintiffs in this litigation, had alleged age discrimination against the School District Superintendent, Vincent Grippo. Under these circumstances, we agree with the District Court that “gradual adverse job actions [that] began well before the plaintiff had ever engaged in any protected activity” do not give rise to an inference of retaliation. Slattery v. Swiss Reinsurance Am. Corp., 248 F.3d 87, 95 (2d Cir. 2001).
For the foregoing reasons and the reasons stated by the District Court in its Order of September 9, 2006, weAFFIRM.